How Biblical Languages Work (a Student's Guide to Learnign Hebrew and Greek)

by Glen H. Jones

Students and others who want to study biblical languages will find this a helpful tool. The authors discuss the basic principles of language: morphemes, phonemes, verbs, nouns, phrases, and clauses. They further explain how semantics, figurative language, context, and sentence structure work to produce meaningful thought. An understanding of these terms greatly facilitates the mastery of Greek and Hebrew. A faulty understanding of English handicaps some who begin a study of biblical Hebrew and Greek. Biblical languages share some characteristics with English, even though it may not be apparent to the beginning student. For example, all languages have words, phrases, and sentences. Languages also have syntax (patterns), semantics (meaning), and a grammar. One who studies languages, especially biblical Greek, should know the meaning of additional grammatical terms: number (singular and plural), gender (masculine, feminine, neuter), case (nominative, accusative, dative, genitive), person (first, second, third), tense (present, past, future), voice (active, passive), and mood (indicative, subjunctive, imperative). The glossary at the back of the text explains these terms and many others. Chapter 8 gives several suggestions for learning biblical languages. First, one must truly want to learn the language. Verbalizing the words, phrases and sentences enable one to more easily retain what he has learned. The "Personality Type and Language Learning" chart (page215) will help the learner discover his/her personal learning style. Are you a visual, auditory, or tactile learner? The authors suggest that vocabulary cards and group learning may be useful for some learners.
2011 Disciple 155x50 2011 AMG 155x50
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